Hairstyles and the G20 – what to pick in China?

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Most women, if and when they can, love visiting the hairdresser, especially if the results are good. It’s usually a time to get pampered, and also get an update on the latest styles and gossip.

During my last visit, I asked about hair coloring. My hairdresser gave me three options. I could either stick with my own dark color; I could go for an “ombré” – which is a fancy word for having one uniform color on the top close to the roots, and then another uniformly towards the bottom tips of the hair; or I could have “highlights” – smaller streaks of a light color throughout the hair, all the way from the root to the tip. In the end, despite the update, as winter was drawing close, I decided to simply keep with my own one color.

I’ve been thinking about these three options recently in another context, the G20. The G20 is a group of the 20 largest countries in the world – e.g. in economic, population and greenhouse gas emissions terms – that was formed in 2008. Unlike the UN, the G20 doesn’t have a permanent home. Each year, the Presidency of the G20 rotates, and that president acts as a secretariat – deciding on when and where the preparatory and final meetings will be, setting the agenda and priorities for the work that year, and so on. The secretariat can also ask international organizations like UNDP to attend the meetings and help out with ideas and analysis if needed.

But why did the G20 make me think about hairstyles? Well, back in 2008, the G20 priority was to sort out the global financial and economic crisis the world was facing. But over time, as the crisis ameliorated, the G20 began to work on other topics – including development. And it’s their varied approaches to development that made me think about the hairstyles.

The first time development was brought into the G20 agenda was in 2010 during the Canadian Presidency who pressed for a special new sub-group to be created on development, like creating an “ombré” – an additional color. Hence, the “Development Working Group (DWG)” was formed, and the following Korean presidency set its work program (the “Multi-Year Action Plan”). The DWG continues to exist and usually meets four times a year, working on special papers and topics that are then inputted into the Economic and Finance groups for consideration.

But other G20 presidencies have thought about the development work slightly differently. Some, have felt that development is not the main focus of the G20 – so, like me this winter, sought to keep the same uniform hair color… Not seeking to introduce anything new.

Others have thought about the development work of the G20 more as “highlights” – or, in UN language – trying to “mainstream” and bring out the topic in as many other parts of the G20 agenda as possible. The Australian Presidency can be seen as one example, especially with its work on tax evasion and avoidance, which will hopefully have major beneficial spillovers for developing countries in time. The Turkish Presidency most recently has also aimed for the highlights approach, especially with its work on infrastructure financing and inclusive business.

Of course, each of these approaches – each of these styles – have their legitimacy, justifications, pros and cons. For example, some would argue that when taking the “ombré” approach, the DWG topics have expanded quickly and sometimes not in sufficient relation to the main economic and finance topics; and the “one color” approach risks a slowdown of the DWG work.

Today, December 2nd, as China takes up the G20 Presidency, what style might China go for?

Based on a recent speech by President Xi, it is possible that China may take a “highlights”, or mainstreaming approach, perhaps adding more highlights than ever before… Why? China has recently faced and overcome extreme development challenges, including through global economic and financial engagement, and, as one of the most vocal supporters of the recently agreed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it may now want to look out for others – outside of the G20 – that are still facing such constraints. China may want to really drive to make sure the main G20 work on economics or finance is in the favor of the poorer countries as well as in the favor of the G20 countries themselves. In China speak – to “win-win”.

And there is ample opportunity for “highlighting” in 2016. The SDGs are aimed at helping all countries – including the G20 – focus on long-term development; the economic and financial work of the G20 clearly has massive spillover effects on other countries – for example on tax, trade and investment rules; and poorer developing countries really do want a stronger voice.

So, should China decide on a highlights style, this will be very welcome by developing countries. But it will also be a challenge. It’s never easy to switch a hairstyle. You need to make the style become your own and feel natural. Also, sometimes it can take a while for friends and colleagues to adopt a new hairstyle – G20 members may take a while to adjust. Thankfully, the Turkish Presidency recently has paved the way for China, but there may still be a way to go.

That’s why UNDP, building on a report we published earlier this year that provide the first ever set of recommendations for China’s G20 presidency, will support China and the other countries to take the highlights style. And maybe, by the time of the G20 summit in September, here in China, I’ll have some major highlights in my own hair.

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Research Analyst

Edmond is a research analyst who is passionate about sustainable development, innovation, and the environment. Passionate about climate financing, he firmly believe there is a more reliable system to promote equality, growth, and welfare in societies without affecting the ecosystem. Through his skills, knowledge and experienced gained over 7 years, he wants to make an impact in the world of development. Edmond holds a Master’s Degree in Public Policy from Korea Development Institute and a BA Degree (Honors) in Business from University of Derby.


    Founder and CEO

Hannah Ryder is the Founder & CEO of Development Reimagined. A former diplomat and economist with 20 years of experience, named one of 100 most influential Africans in 2021, she is also Senior Associate for the Africa Program of the Center for Strategic International Studies (CSIS), sits on the Board of the Environmental Defence Fund, and is a member of UAE's International Advisory Council on the New Economy. Prior to her role at DR, Ms Ryder led the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)’s work with China to help it scale up and improve its cooperation with other developing countries, including in Africa. She has also played various advisory roles for the UN and OECD and co-authored the seminal Stern Review of the Economics of Climate Change in 2006.


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Leah Lynch is Deputy Director of Development Reimagined (DR), and head of the China office. Leah has over 10 years of experience in development and has lived in China for over 8 years. Leah has also travelled extensively around Asia and Africa for research. Leah supports the strategic direction of the team across China, with a mission to deliver high quality research on sustainable development and poverty reduction. Leah is also Chair of the Sustainability Forum at the British Chamber of Commerce in China, providing direction on sustainability initiatives for British and Chinese business. Leah has also consulted on various evaluations on UK aid (ICAI) and is a specialist on development cooperation from the UK and China. Leah has also consulted on various UN projects, including providing support to the UN China team during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Prior to DR, Leah was at the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) China, supporting the UN’s portfolio on communication strategies, China’s South- South Cooperation and the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Before UNDP, Leah lived and worked in Kenya developing sustainable water policies for the Kenyan government.


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Yike Fu is a Policy Analyst and has been responsible for leading numerous areas of work, including on debt analysis in Africa and beyond, and China-Africa trade and investment logistics and analysis. She is the co-author of “African Debt Guide”, in which she challenged the narrative that Africa is in the midst of a new debt crisis by analysing data back to the 1970s and adopting new metrics to present the real story behind the data. She also developed a benchmark to compare the financial distribution of development partners such as the UK, US, Japan, France and China in Africa. Prior to her role at DR she worked at the International Finance Corporation and African Union Representational Mission to the US. She holds a Masters in International Affairs from George Washington University.


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Judith is a Research and Policy Analyst, where she specialises in Africa-China relations, international development, and diplomacy. During her time at Development Reimagined, Judith has co-authored several articles published in The Diplomat on debt and China-Barbados relations and was quoted by China Daily in a piece on Women Rights in China. Previously, Judith worked as a research analyst for an Advocate and Commissioner and Oats office in Kenya.


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Ovigwe specialises in geopolitics with particular reference to Africa in a changing Global Order. He is adept at critically analysing the politics of contemporary development processes and providing insight into the geopolitical interests that influence them. His work includes research, publications, tailored briefings and advising on global and regional trends, and issues at the nexus of geopolitics and development. Ovigwe appears frequently in media around the world such as Al Jazeera, TRT World, SABC, CGTN, BBC Radio, and other platforms.


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Jing leads China-African health and agriculture cooperation research at Development Reimagined, having managed our FOCAC Policy Analysis and Advocacy project. She is also the co-author of “China-Africa Health Cooperation under FOCAC Umbrella”, in which she analysed China’s commitments around health cooperation since the first FOCAC summit and deepdived into four African countries’ health overview, challenges and cooperation with China as cases studies. Before DR, Jing worked at GIZ Cambodia on M&E of a disability advocacy project. She also worked as a translator with Chinese medical team in Benin.


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Patrick is an International Trade Policy and Trade Law Expert with over 5 years of experience. His expertise includes trade law, trade policy analysis and regional integration. He is currently engaged with Development Reimagined as a Senior Trade Analyst and was the lead author of Development Reimagined's recent Report on Africa-China Relations titled "From China-Africa to Africa- China: A Blue Print for a Green and Inclusive Continent-Wide Strategy Towards China." and “Reimaging FOCAC Going Forward.” Patrick has previously consulted for the East African Community, UNECA and for the Kenya Ministry of Trade.


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Rosemary is our Senior Policy Analyst. She is a skilled policy analyst and has previously worked as a UK civil servant. She is studying Human Rights at Birkbeck, University of London with a research focus on international law in the context of health crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic.


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Jade is a Project Manager for Development Reimagined’s flagship project Africa Unconstrained, which focuses on financing needs and debt vulnerabilities of African countries. Her research focuses on China-Africa development finance alongside debt vulnerabilities, infrastructure needs and South-South cooperation. She has worked with a breadth of stakeholders from China, Africa and the wider international community, including governments, private sector, NGOs and civil society. Her writing has appeared in a number of publications, including The Africa Report, The China-Africa Project, The Diplomat and more. Jade holds a Master’s in China and Globalisation studies from King’s College London.


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Rosie is the Project Manager of Africa Reimagined (AR) at Development Reimagined (DR) where she supports high-end African brands with entering the Chinese market by operating services such as trademark protection, Chinese market research, Chinese partnership building, and Africa to China logistical support and import/export services. Rosie has worked with DR for over two years now with proven success in helping high-end African brands navigate the Chinese market. She is extremely passionate about her work because more African brands selling in the Chinese marketplace means African countries can export MORE value-added goods, create MORE jobs and foster MORE innovation in African countries.

Rosie is also alumni of the School of International Studies at Peking University in Beijing where she is also an editor at the Peking Africa Think Tank. PATT is led by a diverse group of scholars who specialise in African Studies within the context of Sino-Africa relations.



Lauren has lived in six countries from the Americas to Europe and Asia and speaks both French and Spanish proficiently. At Development Reimagined, Lauren’s research focuses on climate action both in the Asia-Pacific and in Africa, and how countries are using tools such as SDGs and Covid-19 action to build a more climate-resilient future. She holds a Masters in International Relations from Leiden University.



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Chensi Li is a research analyst. She has previously worked for local NGOs in Nigeria and Cameroon and think-tanks in China.  Her research areas include Sino-African relations, African foreign affairs, public diplomacy, state-building and national governance.

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Hannah Ryder is the Founder & CEO of Development Reimagined. A former diplomat and economist with 20 years of experience, named one of 100 most influential Africans in 2021, she is also Senior Associate for the Africa Program of the Center for Strategic International Studies (CSIS), sits on the Board of the Environmental Defence Fund, and is a member of UAE's International Advisory Council on the New Economy. Prior to her role at DR, Ms Ryder led the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)’s work with China to help it scale up and improve its cooperation with other developing countries, including in Africa. She has also played various advisory roles for the UN and OECD and co-authored the seminal Stern Review of the Economics of Climate Change in 2006.