中国民间企业在非洲抗击COVID-19疫情中做了些什么?

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作为一个非洲人领导的全外资企业,睿纳新国际咨询公司(北京)一直致力于帮助中国企业更好地了解非洲市场。现在,由于世界上COVID-19感染者不断增多,非洲国家也面临着一系列新的挑战,常常处于脆弱的医疗系统的困扰下,同时也伴随着资金不足而无法支持本国经济和弱势群体。

与我们有合作的中国企业及那些在非洲做生意的中国企业是否对非洲的抗役伸出了援手?为了解答此问题,我们采访了中非民间商会(CABC)的常务副秘书长白啸峰,来给我们分享关于此事的细节。

首先,考虑到有些读者不了解中非民间商会,白先生能否给我们做一个介绍?

这个问题很好,因为这很重要。中非民间商会创办于2006年,在当时的联合国秘书长科菲・安南与中国政府的建议下成立的。在那个时候,中国与非洲之间的合作主要是基于双方政府的交流,这个情况维持了6年。因此中非民间商会的成立就创造了一个契机,让中国的民间企业也能参与到中国与非洲之间的合作中。从那以后,中非商会的使命就是鼓励、引导想加入非洲市场的中国企业要采取负责且可持续的方式,只有那样才能为非洲带来更大的市场和投资,创造更多的工作岗位,最终让非洲走出贫困。

中非商会已经走了14个年头,我们见证了中国企业在非洲的迅速发展——有的做商品进出口,有的在非洲投资建厂。目前我们的会员超过1000,有90%是民间私人企业。这些企业分散在非洲不同的国家。

那这1000个中国企业目前都为非洲的抗役做出了哪些贡献呢?

在1月23日中国宣布了国内的抗役措施之后,我们做的第一件事就是发布抗议指南,并向会员企业确认情况,确保他们没有前往非洲,以避免造成病毒在非洲蔓延。

紧接着,在非洲第一例病例确诊(埃及,2月14日)之前,我们就收到会员企业的消息,讨论COVID-19传到非洲的话他们应该做什么。而他们所作的第一件事就是根据当地需要捐赠医疗用品,包括分子检测仪、核酸试剂、医用口罩和KN95、红外温度计、防护服、救护车等。有些公司在捐赠医疗用品的同时也捐款,有些公司直接捐款。

Photo Credit: CABC -Donation by Huajian 

捐款捐物对非洲的抗役很重要。我们也统计了一下阿里巴巴基金会对非洲的捐赠。阿里基金给非洲国家的捐赠折合成货币价值6200-15200 万美元,已经远远超过了中国政府当年为抗击埃博拉所提供的援助。那中非商会的成员们是否也捐助了这么多?

阿里巴巴集团是中国最大的公司。它所拥有的资源可以与微软及比尔和梅琳达·盖茨基金会相提并论,盖茨基金会给非洲公共健康部门直接捐了2000万美元,给全球疫苗研发中心也捐了5000万美元。我们的成员没有这么大的规模,但他们在做力所能及的事。包括直接的捐款,我们的成员企业目前捐赠的物资价值大约1100万人民币,将近154万美元。

CABC 目前给15个非洲国家送去了捐赠,都是哪些国家呢?

按照人口大小排序,从最大到最小,这15个国家分别是:尼日利亚、埃塞俄比亚、坦桑尼亚、肯尼亚、乌干达、安哥拉、布基纳法索、加纳、赞比亚、津巴布韦、卢旺达、中非共和国、赤道几内亚、和吉布提。你应该注意到了,这些国家在地理位置上均分布于撒哈拉以南非洲地区,包含了世界上最贫穷的国家,医疗系统也最脆弱。我们真诚的希望能为这些地区做点什么,希望我们的捐赠能救助到当地的人们。

 

救人生命当然至关重要。但为什么这些企业这么在乎呢?是什么推动着他们去做这些事呢?

在这个时刻,我们急需全球团结起来,因为没有任何一个国家面对COVID-19能够独善其身。我们的成员多年来与非洲伙伴密切合作,建立了深厚的友谊。他们非常关心非洲国家的公共卫生系统,并希望尽最大努力帮助缓解这种情况。当然,非洲越早赢得与COVID-19的战斗,他们的业务就能越早回到正轨,无论是分销药品和保健品、电子产品,还是经营纺织品和服装厂。非洲国家受苦的时间越长,我们的成员也会受苦。所以,他们为非洲提供的帮助越多越好。这也是为什么我们非常愿意与成员们分享睿纳新针对非洲现况所做的分析。我们的成员对当地的情况了解得越多,他们就越能即使做出反应。

那这些企业是如何决定向哪个国家捐赠哪些物资呢?

其实每个公司捐赠情况都不同。有些企业将物资捐赠给了在非洲的合作伙伴,或当地的工人及其家人。有些则是受到当地卫生部门的求助,他们有具体的医疗物资需求。另外,也有一些国家的外交部找到我们,希望我们能捐赠某些物资。我们就帮助成员们一起寻找这些物资的渠道。我们在尽力帮忙。

最后的还有一个问题,白先生。虽然捐款很重要,也很受欢迎,许多中国公司在非洲都有工厂,但他们在当地采取了什么行动吗?

这是问题问得非常好。在许多方面,针对当地的行动甚至比一次性捐款更重要。对工厂、房地产和基础设施的直接投资提供了就业机会和可持续发展,因此我们希望确保这些投资继续下去,而不是被非洲目前的疫情所阻碍。希望非洲国家采取的强有力措施能尽快结束这场疫情。

然而,对于那些拥有工厂或其他本地业务的公司,我们已经强调了好好照顾员工,特别是要保持适当的社会距离,并尽可能保证他们的工作还在,特别是在这个困难时期。此外,考虑到一些工人住得离工厂很远,在降低旅行风险的同时维持基本业务也是一个挑战。所以我们正在思考如何解决这些问题。最后,我们鼓励那些能够改变生产线的工厂转而生产基本的医疗和生活用品。我们已经看到有些成员采取了类似的措施,也在鼓励我们的会员做更多,希望能尽快与您分享更多的细节。

那太好了。下一次我们就这个话题再进行讨论,并及时告知我们的读者。非常期待下一次的交流。

Development Reimagined (DR) is a member and strategic partner of the China Africa Businesses Council (CABC). Together we strive to support both Chinese and Africa business across the continent with job creation and sustainable development. To find out how DR can help your business contact us at clients@developmentreimagined.com

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EDMOND BOSILONG

Research Analyst

Edmond is a research analyst who is passionate about sustainable development, innovation, and the environment. Passionate about climate financing, he firmly believe there is a more reliable system to promote equality, growth, and welfare in societies without affecting the ecosystem. Through his skills, knowledge and experienced gained over 7 years, he wants to make an impact in the world of development. Edmond holds a Master’s Degree in Public Policy from Korea Development Institute and a BA Degree (Honors) in Business from University of Derby.

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Hannah Ryder is the Founder & CEO of Development Reimagined. A former diplomat and economist with 20 years of experience, named one of 100 most influential Africans in 2021, she is also Senior Associate for the Africa Program of the Center for Strategic International Studies (CSIS), sits on the Board of the Environmental Defence Fund, and is a member of UAE's International Advisory Council on the New Economy. Prior to her role at DR, Ms Ryder led the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)’s work with China to help it scale up and improve its cooperation with other developing countries, including in Africa. She has also played various advisory roles for the UN and OECD and co-authored the seminal Stern Review of the Economics of Climate Change in 2006.

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Leah Lynch is Deputy Director of Development Reimagined (DR), and head of the China office. Leah has over 10 years of experience in development and has lived in China for over 8 years. Leah has also travelled extensively around Asia and Africa for research. Leah supports the strategic direction of the team across China, with a mission to deliver high quality research on sustainable development and poverty reduction. Leah is also Chair of the Sustainability Forum at the British Chamber of Commerce in China, providing direction on sustainability initiatives for British and Chinese business. Leah has also consulted on various evaluations on UK aid (ICAI) and is a specialist on development cooperation from the UK and China. Leah has also consulted on various UN projects, including providing support to the UN China team during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Prior to DR, Leah was at the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) China, supporting the UN’s portfolio on communication strategies, China’s South- South Cooperation and the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Before UNDP, Leah lived and worked in Kenya developing sustainable water policies for the Kenyan government.

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Jade is a Project Manager for Development Reimagined’s flagship project Africa Unconstrained, which focuses on financing needs and debt vulnerabilities of African countries. Her research focuses on China-Africa development finance alongside debt vulnerabilities, infrastructure needs and South-South cooperation. She has worked with a breadth of stakeholders from China, Africa and the wider international community, including governments, private sector, NGOs and civil society. Her writing has appeared in a number of publications, including The Africa Report, The China-Africa Project, The Diplomat and more. Jade holds a Master’s in China and Globalisation studies from King’s College London.

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HANNAH RYDER

Founder and CEO

Hannah Ryder is the Founder & CEO of Development Reimagined. A former diplomat and economist with 20 years of experience, named one of 100 most influential Africans in 2021, she is also Senior Associate for the Africa Program of the Center for Strategic International Studies (CSIS), sits on the Board of the Environmental Defence Fund, and is a member of UAE's International Advisory Council on the New Economy. Prior to her role at DR, Ms Ryder led the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)’s work with China to help it scale up and improve its cooperation with other developing countries, including in Africa. She has also played various advisory roles for the UN and OECD and co-authored the seminal Stern Review of the Economics of Climate Change in 2006.